Andrey M. Maevsky
Vladislav Yu. Zanin
Igor V. Kozhemyakin
SMTU, Head Office of Defense Research and Development, 3, Lotsmanskaya ul., Saint Petersburg, 190121, Russia, tel.: +7(812)714-68-22
Received 27 September 2021
In order to develop the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation, in the decree of the President of the Russian Federation, areas related to the development of the Northern Sea Route, environmental protection of the Arctic zone, an increase in the growth rate of geological research and the development of monitoring systems for the Arctic region were separately noted. Also in this document, the main tasks were identified that require careful study, namely: the development and implementation of technologies and equipment for use in Arctic conditions, the improvement of the environmental monitoring system, the use of modern information and communication technologies and communication systems for measurements from satellites, marine and ice platforms, research vessels, ground points and from observatories. These problems and tasks are already being successfully solved abroad with the help of the development of modern systems and devices used as part of marine robotic complexes (MRTC). This article provides a comprehensive analysis of the use of autonomous unmanned underwater vehicles (AUVs) as part of underwater resident systems. Particular attention is paid to the projects already implemented in the external market in the oil and gas industry. The authors present the implemented developments in the field of marine resident robotics in the Russian Federation. In conclusion, the authors for-mulated proposals for the development of the direction of marine robotics, including for solving problems associated with long-term monitoring and operation of the bottom oil and gas infrastructure.
Marine robotic complexes, AUV, resident robotics, seabed stations, underwater service work, underwater monitoring.
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