Collaborative Robotics - a new direction in the development of robotics. It aroses due to objective necessity - robots are beginning to be applied in various fields of human activity. At the same time, the methods of human involvement in the robots control seems to be already investigated by the specialists long time ago. What is the difference between collaborative and, for example, service robotics? Note that the term «collaboration» - it is not control, but it is a cooperation. This is the essence of the question. We move on from a control of robot as a technical system to cooperation with it. This circumstance suggests a new level of «intelligence» of the system, its ability to analyze a variety of environmental factors, as well as the actions of a human partner. Collaborative robots must work in the same working space as a person and therefore they must be safe for humans. In addition, the collaborative robots will find a wide application only if they are sufficiently easy to operate and do not require special skills from a human partner. Speech dialogue should be the main form of interaction between robot and human. Collaborative robots have to use a quite detailed model of the external world to work in constantly changing environment and to successfully perform a task assigned by a man.
The theory of collaborative robots does not exist yet. Even the term itself is not defined quite clearly. This theory begins to take shape before our eyes. The first international conference on collaborative robotics at the traditional conference SPECOM (Budapest, 2016) was held in August 2016. Therefore, this article discusses only certain issues related to the development of collaborative robot on the basis of the existing service robot. In this example, the authors tried to show the main features of the collaborative robotics.
Collaborative robots, control system, hybrid map of environment, multimodal world model.
Year 2016 Issue number 3 Consecutive issue number 12 Pages 3-9
UDC identifier: 004.896