A.B. Nikolaev
PhD in Physics and Mathematics, Russian State Scientific Center for Robotics and Technical Cybernetics (RTC), Deputy Head of Department, 21, Tikhoretsky pr., Saint-Petersburg, 194064, Russia, tel.: +7(812)552-45-21, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

In the paper a brief overview of current state of space robotics in the world and in Russia based on data from open information sources is given. Pecularities and main types of world space market (WSM) services as well as Russian presence in the WSM certain sectors are considered. Examples of major projects in the field of solar system exploration by unmanned space vehicles, and primary areas of space robotics prospective development in the next 10-15 years are provided. Primary trends of modern WSM development were outlined.
Along with characterizing of Russian space activities the basic documents for program-oriented state support of the branch, determinant factors for its objective development as also long-term tasks affecting directly on space robotics development are listed.
Optimum set of robotic supportive tools for advanced outer space infrastructure, defined by certain research of the Russian State Scientific Center for Robotics and Technical Cybernetics (RTC) along with technologies required for that are described. The concise description of the internantional (with the participation of RTC scientists) experiment «Kontur-2» for technology elaboration of on-planet robot remote control from the orbital complex is given.
In conclusion various measures and funding sources other than the public purse, which could be used by aerospace manufacturers for efficiency improvement of their work in the conditions of persistent funds deficit, are briefly specified.

Key words
Cosmonautics, rocket-and-space technology, space robotics, on-planet rovers, world space market.

Bibliographic description
Nikolaev, A. (2017). World Space Market and Space Robotics: Current State and Prospects. Robotics and Technical Cybernetics, 2(15), pp.12-24.

UDC identifier


  1. - Istoriya kosmonavtiki [Cosmonautics History]. (n.d.). Tendentsii razvitiya kosmonavtiki v mire [Cosmonautics development trends in the world]. [online] Available at: [Accessed 4 Apr. 2017].
  2. Losev, A. (2015). Biznes rvetsya v kosmos [Business aims into space]. Rossiyskaya Biznes-gazeta [Russian Business Newspaper], [online] 1016(37). Available at: [Accessed 6 Apr. 2017].
  3. (2017). Rynok. Kommercheskiy kosmicheskiy rynok [Market. Commercial space market]. [online] Available at: [Accessed 16 Jun. 2017].
  4. Permyakov, D. (2016). Kosmos, kotoryy my poteryali. Chast' 2. Kak Rossiya stala kosmicheskim izvozchikom [Space that we had lost. Part 2. How Russia became space carrier]. [online] Available at: [Accessed 18 Apr. 2017].
  5. Filina, O. (2013). Zazemlenie nebes [Grounding connection of heavens]. [online] - Ogonyok - Vol. 16. Available at: [Accessed 4 Apr. 2017].
  6. (2013). Razvedka dal'nego kosmosa: redkie i tsennye missii [Deep space exploration: rare and valuable mission]. [online] Available at: [Accessed 19 Jan. 2017].
  7. Valagin, A. (2017). "Kassini" sdelal unikal'nye foto kolets Saturna i uraganov na planete [Cassini took the uniqoe pictures of Saturn rings and hurricanes on planet]. [online] Rossiyskaya gazeta [Russian Newspaper]. Available at: [Accessed 22 May 2017].
  8. Vinogradov, P., Zheleznyakov, A. and Spassky, A. (2015). Aktual'nye napravleniya razvitiya kosmicheskoy robototekhniki [Modern directions of space robotics development]. Robotics and Technical Cybernetics, 4(3), pp.3-12.
  9. Newsme. (n.d.). NASA zapustit orbital'nuyu fabriku [NASA will launch in-orbit factory]. [online] Available at: [Accessed 24 Jun. 2014].
  10. (2013). Roboty-pauki postroyat kosmicheskie apparaty na orbite [Robots-spiders will build spacecrafts in orbit]. [online] Available at: [Accessed 24 Mar. 2017].
  11. (n.d.). TUI - SpiderFab Additive Manufacturing and Assembly On-Orbit. [online] Available at: [Accessed 24 Mar. 2017].
  12. Membrana. (2004). Armiya sumasshedshikh robotov mozhet zashchitit' Zemlyu ot asteroidov [Army of mad robots could be able to protect the Earth from asteroids]. [online] Available at: [Accessed 28 Mar. 2017].
  13. Mir Vysokikh Tekhnologiy [Hi-Tech World]. (n.d.). Orbital'nye roboty-remontniki posodeystvuyut prodlit' aktual'nyy tsikl sputnikov [In-orbit maitenance robots will assist extending actual life cycle of satellites]. [online] Available at: [Accessed 19 Jun. 2014].
  14. Kuryacha, O. (2012). ViviSat launches space doctor MEV – robot for extending of lif cycle of satellites - Robotics ViviSat vypuskaet kosmicheskogo doktora MEV – robota dlya prodleniya zhizni orbital'nykh sputnikov. [online] Available at: [Accessed 27 Apr. 2017].
  15. Blog (2014). NASA razrabatyvaet robotov dlya zapravki sputnikov v kosmose [NASA develops robots for fueling of satellites in space]. [online] Available at: [Accessed 17 May 2017].
  16. SSCO - NASA's Satellite Servicing Capabilities Office. (n.d.). Satellite Servicing Projects Division - Propellant Transfer Technologies. [online] Available at: [Accessed 17 May 2017].
  17. (2012). Kosmicheskie roboty. Roboty-manipulyatory zarabotayut v kosmose po-novomu [Space robots. Robots-manipulators will operate in space in the navel way]. [online] Available at: [Accessed 15 May 2017].
  18. A Roadmap for US Robotics. From Internet to Robotics. 2013 Edition. (2013). [ebook] Available at: [Accessed 22 Apr. 2017].
  19. - Vesti Ekonomika. (2016). Rosstat: VVP Rossii sokratilsya v 2015 godu na 3,7% [Russian Federal State Statistics Service: GDP of Russia redused by 3,7%]. [online] Available at: [Accessed 29 May 2017].
  20. ROSCOSMOS - Federal Space agency of the Russian Federation (2016). Godovoy otchet Gosudarstvennoy korporatsii po kosmicheskoy deyatel'nosti za 2015 god [Annual report of Public Corporation on space activities for 2015 year]. [online] Moscow: ROSCOSMOS - Federal Space agency of the Russian Federation, p.41. Available at: [Accessed 29 May 2017].
  21. Zakony, kodeksy i normativno-pravovye akty v Rossiyskoy Federatsii [Acts, lawbooks and regulatory legal act of Russian Federation]. (2013). Osnovnye polozheniya Osnov gosudarstvennoy politiki Rossiyskoy Federatsii v oblasti kosmicheskoy deyatel'nosti na period do 2030 goda i dal'neyshuyu perspektivu (utv. Prezidentom RF ot 19.04.2013 N Pr-906) [Main principles for state policy framework of Russian Federation in the sphere of space activities for the period up to 2030 and further (approved by President of the Russian Federation on 19.04.2013, Order no. Pr-906)]. [online] Available at: [Accessed 30 May 2017].
  22. (2016). Osnovnye polozheniya Federal'noy kosmicheskoy programmy 2016-2025 [Fundamental provisions of Federal Space Program for 2016-2025]. [online] Available at: [Accessed 30 May 2017].
  23. The Russian State Scientific Center for Robotics and Technical Cybernetics (RTC) (2013). Razrabotka predlozheniy po optimal'nomu sostavu otechestvennykh sredstv robototekhnicheskogo obespecheniya (RTO) elementov perspektivnoy kosmicheskoy infrastruktury (PKI), predvaritel'nykh obobshchennykh setevykh grafikov (tsiklogramm) po etapam ikh proektirovaniya, izgotovleniya, ispytaniya i ekspluatatsii. Otsenka neobkhodimykh dlya sozdaniya sredstv RTO intellektual'nykh i material'nykh resursov i razrabotka poshagovogo prognoznogo stsenariya realizatsii sredstv RTO v sostave bazovykh elementov PKI : zaklyuchitel'nyy otchet o NIR [Proposal development on optimum set of domestic robotic supportive (RS) tools for advanced outer space infrastructure (AOSI), preliminary generalized networks (cyclogramms) in steps of their designing, production, test and operation. Evaluation of intellectual and material resources, required for creation of RS tools, and development of step-type forecasting scenario of RS tools implementationincluded into AOSI base elements. Closeout research report]. Saint-Petersburg: RTC, p.110.
  24. Kondrat'ev, A. and et al (2015). Kosmicheskiy eksperiment «Kontur-2»: teleupravlenie naplanetnymi robotami s borta MKS [Space Experiment Kontur-2: distance control of on-planet robots from the board of ISS]. In: XI Mezhdunarodnaya konferentsiya «Pilotiruemye polety v kosmos» [XI International Conference on Human Space Exploration]. pp.184-186.
Editorial office address: 21, Tikhoretsky pr., Saint-Petersburg, Russia, 194064, tel.: +7(812) 552-13-25 e-mail: