The process of treatment in medicine is divided into diagnostics and therapy. Development of electronics, computer technology, physical hardware components, emerging of advanced materials with unique properties, computational capability growth predetermined the creation of new type of medical apparatus combining diagnostics and therapy functions. As a result new research area, integrating both processes, is formed, it was named theranostics, name derives from the terms "therapy" and "diagnostic".
As an illustration of mentioned approach the targeted ultrasonic cavitation with microbubbles injected intravenously is reviewed. It is considered to be potential noninvasive method for abolition of thrombus, provoking apoplectic attack and myocardial infarction. Through this approach method of ultrasonic viens oblitiration by focused ultrasound of high intensity for noninvasive curing of chronic venous insufficiency and varix dilatation is under development. Combination of different ways of vizualization, which are used for diagnostic purposes along with such medical methods as radiological therapy, becomes question of present intrest. Targeted impact delivery during radiological therapy is materially difficult because of constant organs movement in the breathing process. In the near future continuos vizualization by the use of magnetic resonance tomography will provide precise radiation pointing during radiological therapy that will allow improving treatment efficiency and safety.
Reasonable solution approach for cardio-pulmonary resuscitation in case of cardiac arrest emergency is creation of cardiocompressor with sufficient mass-dimensional and energetic characteristics. In case of sufficient sensor equipment decision of operating mode selection will be made by expert system a-part-of device. Development of theranostic devices allows medical institutions to improve efficiency and safety, shorten the timeline and reduce costs for delivery of health care.
Theranostics, ultrasound ablation, cardio compressor.
Year 2015 Issue number 1 Consecutive issue number 6 Pages 12-16
UDC identifier: 007.52:616-085