A.B. Nikolaev
PhD in Physics and Mathematics, Russian State Scientific Center for Robotics and Technical Cybernetics (RTC), Head of Department, 21, Tikhoretsky pr., Saint-Petersburg, 194064, Russia, tel.: +7(812)552-45-21, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

In the paper the brief overview of current state-of-the-art of military-oriented and purpose made marine robotic systems in world and in Russia is given on the base of the materials from open information sources. Priority of un-manned underwater vehicles (UUV) in developments in comparison with unmanned surface vehicles (USV) is highlighted. It is determined by their higher functional capability and consequently higher capability for task solutions in conditions of military confrontations. UUV taxonomy by dimensions is given, taking into account their purpose and type of control. Key aspects of foreign market of robotic underwater vehicles, growth prospects and development agenda of particular countries are considered; contents of the Naval R&D plans and budget projects of USA as the principal geopolitical rival of Russia are analized. Emphasis on collective use of the underwater vehicles is noted, which is determined by currently accepted network-centric concept of military activities leading as well as by need for the less timeconsuming and expensive, but for the more efficient subsurface missions; for example, geophysical mapping of World ocean's large areas and geological exploration of Arctic shelf. At the same time attention is paid to increasing of UUV's operation autonomy, which is related, firstly, to the possibility of extra long endurance of autonomous submerged run (from week up to year), and to the development of intelligent control system, supporting complex and effective solution of apparatus typical task for autonomous mode in undetermined environment. Long-term tasks of maritime robotics development in functional, technological, service and management spheres as also in intellectualization sphere are noted. Fierce intensification of domestic studies in this area of robotics is highlighted. Organizational-technical measures, suggested by experts, and enabling solution of many problems, hindering development of domestic maritime robotics, are presented in conclusion. Among these are: programme and goal-oriented planning, planning automatization for development of maritime robotic complexes through information analysis system implementation, creation of hardware simulation complex for maritime robotic systems, creation of training facilities and simulators, development of regulatory and methodical framework for engineering processes, verification and application of UUV.

Key words
Marine robotics, unmanned underwater vehicles, surface vehicles, UUV, autonomous unmanned vehicle, remotely operated underwater vehicle, glider.

Year 2017 Issue number 1 Consecutive issue number 14 Pages 9-21
UDC identifier: 623:007.52


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